Facts about Bangladesh | Interesting Facts

Bangladesh facts, Bangladesh Flag

Bangladesh is an independent and sovereign country located in the northeast part of South Asia. In 147,500 kilometers, the small country is a populated country in the world. The official or constitutional name of the country is the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. There are boundaries of India on the east, west and north sides of Bangladesh, and parts of Myanmar in some parts towards East-south.

  • Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh, which is the largest and populated city in the country.
  • Official or constitutional name of Bangladesh is the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
  • Through the armed struggle against exploitation, discrimination and oppression, Bangladesh gained independence on December 16, 1971. Nearly three million people died in this war with Pakistan.
  • The total area of Bangladesh is about 147,570 square kilometers (approximately 56,977 square miles) and it is the 92rd country in respect of the total area.
  • Bangladesh line is 20º34’N to 20º34’latitudes, and 88º01’E 92º41’E longitudes of the world map. The Tropic of Cancer (23.5º) runs almost across the middle of Bangladesh.
  • The total boundary line of Bangladesh is 5138 km of which 4427km is land boundary and 711 km maritime boundary.
  • India and Myanmar (Burma) neighboring countries of Bangladesh
  • Bengali is the state language of Bangladesh. In addition, the international language English language is widely used in office work and business.
  • In determining international time, Bangladesh is 6 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. Differences of time over local distances in the country range from 4 minutes to 9 minutes.
  • The currency of Bangladesh is Taka, whose bank code is BDT.
  • Bangladesh is ranked the world’s 8th most populous country. The current population is more than 16 crores in the smallest country.
  • Islam is the main religion of Bangladesh. Most people of this country believe in Islam. 86.6% of the total population of Islam and 12.1% of the people of Hinduism. The remaining people are Buddhists, Christians and other religions.
  • Bangladesh is a temperate, wet, dry, tropical and monsoon climate country. The Himalayas to the north and the Bay of Bengal to the south influence the climate of Bangladesh most.
  • There are six seasons in this country. These are summer (grismo), rains (barsha), autumn (sharat), late autumn (semanto), winter (sheet), and spring (bashonto).
  • The average annual temperature is 26.60ºC (summer) and 17º70C (winter) in the country. . Winter lasts from November to February. April is the warmest of months and January is the Coldest.
  • Weather disturbances are noticed during summer and monsoon to such extent that high wind blows, cyclone, tidal bores and tornado become a part of people’s daily life.
  • There are small and bigger rivers in the country which are called off Bangladesh riverine countries. The principal river of Bangladesh is the Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmputra, Surma and Karnafuli.
  • These are interesting places and archaeological sites in Bangladesh which are filled with natural beauty. Some interesting places are Cox’s Bazar, Sunderbans, St. Martin’s Island, Rangamati, Bandarban and Sylhet.
  • The world’s longest beach is Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh. Many local and foreign tourists visited this place every year.
  • The world’s largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is located in the country, which is home to the famous Royal Bengal Tiger. Royal Bengal Tiger Bangladesh National Animal.
  • Bangladesh is among the poorest countries in the world. The annual average income of its population is $1602 (US dollars).
  • Bangladesh Bank is the central bank of the country. The financial system is administered by this bank.
  • There are 63 commercial banks and 6 state-owned scheduled banks and 2 stock exchanges in the country.
  • Bangladesh has yet to reach the desired goal in the industrial sector. 31.54% of the total GDP comes from industry.
  • Fisheries are prospective sector in Bangladesh. 3.65% of the GDP comes from fish oriented sectors and growth rate is 5.38%. Approximately 15 lakh people depend on this sector for their livelihood.
  • Rice, wheat, potatoes, various types of dal, fruits, oil etc are the main food crop and jute, tea, cotton, rubber etc are the main cash crops of Bangladesh.
  • Ready-made garment industry is the biggest export-oriented industrial sector in Bangladesh.
  • At present, there are 3 seaports and 22 land ports here to regulate international trade. 80% of the international trade is administrated through the Chittagong seaport.
  • There are three international airports in Bangladesh. Among them, Shahjalal International Airport is located in the capital city of Dhaka, the main and important airport of the country.
  • The literacy rate of the country now is 63.6%. According to new law, primary education up to class eight is compulsory.
  • The multiparty democratic parliamentary government system is installed now in Bangladesh.
  • The Prime Minister is the executive head of the government elected for 5 year-period.
  • The 300 seated Parliament had 50 seats exclusively reserves for the woman.
  • Rice, fish, vegetables and pulses are one of the main foods in the region.
  • At present there are a total of 1086 newspapers, periodicals and magazines including 311 dailies in Bangladesh.
  • There are 2 government TV channels and 46 private TV channels in the country
  • Cricket and football are very popular game of the country. Since 1999, Bangladesh Cricket Team has been participating in the World Cup Cricket tournament.
  • Natural Gas is the main mineral resources of Bangladesh.
  • Kabaddi is the national game of Bangladesh. This game also known as the Hadudu, is a favorite game of the rural areas.
  • Cricket and football are very popular game of the country. Since 1999, Bangladesh Cricket Team has been participating in the World Cup Cricket tournament.

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